Sample the next token from a probability distribution using top-k and/or nucleus (top-p) sampling.



def top_k_top_p_filtering(logits, top_k=0, top_p=0.0, filter_value=-float('Inf')):
    """ Filter a distribution of logits using top-k and/or nucleus (top-p) filtering
            logits: logits distribution shape (..., vocabulary size)
            top_k >0: keep only top k tokens with highest probability (top-k filtering).
            top_p >0.0: keep the top tokens with cumulative probability >= top_p (nucleus filtering).
    top_k = min(top_k, logits.size(-1))  # Safety check
    if top_k > 0:
        # Remove all tokens with a probability less than the last token of the top-k
        indices_to_remove = logits < torch.topk(logits, top_k)[0][..., -1, None]
        logits[indices_to_remove] = filter_value

    if top_p > 0.0:
        sorted_logits, sorted_indices = torch.sort(logits, descending=True)
        cumulative_probs = torch.cumsum(F.softmax(sorted_logits, dim=-1), dim=-1)

        # Remove tokens with cumulative probability above the threshold
        sorted_indices_to_remove = cumulative_probs > top_p
        # Shift the indices to the right to keep also the first token above the threshold
        sorted_indices_to_remove[..., 1:] = sorted_indices_to_remove[..., :-1].clone()
        sorted_indices_to_remove[..., 0] = 0

        indices_to_remove = sorted_indices[sorted_indices_to_remove]
        logits[indices_to_remove] = filter_value
    return logits

# Here is how to use this function for top-p sampling
temperature = 1.0
top_k = 0
top_p = 0.9

# Get logits with a forward pass in our model (input is pre-defined)
logits = model(input)

# Keep only the last token predictions, apply a temperature coefficient and filter
logits = logits[..., -1, :] / temperature
filtered_logits = top_k_top_p_filtering(logits, top_k=top_k, top_p=top_p)

# Sample from the filtered distribution
probabilities = F.softmax(filtered_logits, dim=-1)
next_token = torch.multinomial(probabilities, 1)

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